At higher education institutions (vysoké školy) teachers have academic ranks (academic staff):
a professor (profesor)
an associate professor (docent)
an extraordinary professor (mimořádný profesor)
- a senior assistant (odborný asistent)
an assistant (asistent)
a lecturer (lektor)
- academics involved in science, research and development who also perform teaching activities (vědecký pracovník, výzkumný pracovník and vývojový pracovník)
For academic staff are governed by internal regulations of individual higher education institutions (vysoké školy). The minimum academic admission requirement is a Master's degree. Conditions for appointing professors (profesor) and associate professors (docent) are regulated by the Higher Education Act. Generally, employment of academic staff is covered by the Labour Code, some conditions of employment are stipulated by the Higher Education Act, and details are regulated by internal regulations of the higher education institutions registered by the Ministry of Education.
Academics in public schools are employed on a regular basis. They are recruited on the basis of public advertisement via a competitive examination. The criteria for organisation of a competitive examination are the responsibility of the institution. The salary of academic staff is determined in the institution's internal salary regulation. The work week is 40 hours long. In addition to educational activities, an academic also carries out scholarly, research, development and innovation activities or other creative activities.